Where do I live?

8 08 2013

Well it depends whether you are there, nearby, going there, or currently in. Icelandic has four cases: nominative, accusative, dative, and genitive.

Nominative - Accusative - á/í (going), að (on) Dative - á/í (in), hjá/nálægt (beside) Genitive - til (to)

Nominative – with að vera (to be)
Accusative – á/í (going to DO), að (on)
Dative – á/í (in), hjá/nálægt (beside)
Genitive – til (to)

The nominative case represents a noun that acts as the subject of the sentence. It is also used in equivalent sentences, such as sentences which use the copula verb to be.  The nominative form of the noun is also the dictionary form.

The accusative case of a noun is the grammatical case used to mark the direct object of a transitive verb. It is a noun that is having something done to it.

The dative case is a grammatical case generally used to indicate the noun to which something is given, as in “George gave Jamie a drink”. In general, the dative marks the indirect object of a verb.

The genitive case is the grammatical case that marks a noun as modifying another noun. It often marks a noun as being the possessor of another noun; however, it can also indicate participation in an action.

 

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